There are certain underpinnings to scholarly inquiry that span the disciplines, more or less. They are the moral foundation of the scholarly approach. Remember that they serve not only as guidelines for your scholarly work, but assumptions about how other scholars work. Thus, reading a scholarly piece of work, one can presume that that scholar is undertaking a search for the truth, that they have attempted to be as open as possible about their methods, sources, biases, and about everything that has gone into the work, and that they have made it possible for other scholars to reproduce the work if necessary. Scholarship would be made immensely more difficult if that was not the case, and that is why violations of the scholarly code–plagiarism and fraud–are so egregious. Such violations undercut the foundations of scholarship itself.